Chapter 22
-Security requirements and International Agreements-

Chapter 22 covers basic security policies, personnel security clearances, declassifying classified material, security levels, ADP security, procedures for bomb threats.

• There are only three security classifications.
- Top Secret
- Secret
- Confidential

• Top Secret- unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to national security.

• Secret- unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause serious damage to national security.

• Confidentail- whose unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause damage to national security.

• Controlled Unclassified Information is defined and governed by laws, international agreements and regulations that address the identification, marking, protection, handling, transmission, transportation, and destruction of controlled unclassified information.

• This includes:
- For Official Use Only (FOUO)
- Department of State (DOS), Sensitive but Unclassified (SBU) information.
- DOD and DOE Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI)

Security Clearances

• To apply for security clearance, you must be a US Citizen

• Commanding officers are authorized to initiate a request for security clearance and to a background investigation.

• A background investigation is required for Top Secret & Secret.

• A security clearance is granted on your need to know and your meeting the standards for the level of clearance required.

• All personnel must comply with the need to know policy.

• Classified material can’t be removed from the designated office or working area except to perform official duties and under conditions providing the protection required by SECNAVINST 5510.36.

• The General Service Agency (GSA) sets and publishes the minimum standards for storing classified materials.

• Classified Material is marked so that personnel know the classified nature of the material they’re handling.

• Classified documents are marked on the face and back cover and top and bottom center to show the highest classification level of the information they contain. See page 22-11 for an example.

• Classification level is always stamped in capital letters larger than the type that is used in the text.

• Automated information system (AIS) storage media and devices used with AIS and word processors are marked using the appropriate SF label to indicate the highest overall classification level of information contained in the storage material.

• The rules for transmitting classified material can be found in the Department of the Navy (DoD) Information Security Program SECNAV INST 5510-36

• Classified telephone conversations are only permitted over securecommunications circuits.

• Automated data processing (ADP) is a Navy wide responsibility. APD involves the following elements:
- Physical
- Administrative/operating procedures
- Hardware
- Software
- Data

• If material is lost, stolen, captured, salvaged, or seen by someone without a proper clearance, than that material has been comprimised

• Report all compromised material to you supervisors at once.

• If you find an unattended, open, or unlocked safe or container in which classified material is stowed, a security violation has been committed. You must report this immediately to the senior duty officer.

• Terrorism is the unlawful use or threatened use of force or violence against individuals or property.

• Terrorists intend to coerce (force) or intimidate governments or societies.

• The two most publicized terrorist methods are bombings and the taking of hostages.

• Threat Conditions: Threatcon Alpha is lowest, Threatcon Delta is highest.

• If you receive a bomb threat over the phone, keep the caller on the line and get as much information as possible.

• Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) is to clearly define the status of one country’s military personnel when they are stationed in a foreign country.

• The SOFA contains a complex package of treaties, protocol, and executive agreements between the US and other involved countries.

• Some of the topics covered by SOFA are as follows:
- Freedom of troop movements within the host country
- Passport requirements
- Criminal jurisdiction
- Taxes
- Imposition of customs duties
- Regulations covering driver’s license
- Exchange privileges

• Under SOFA you are only immune from jurisdiction from the local government as long as you stay aboard or go ashore on official business only

• SOFA was developed shortly after World War II

• The equal right of jurisdiction is called concurrent jurisdiction

• Under SOFA you are allowed to drive in another country with your US driver’s license. You do not have to pay customs duty or taxes when bringing household goods and personal belongings, including you car, into a host country. You are also allowed to enter and leave the country on military orders.

• The Geneva Convention was established in 1949 to give prisoners of war (POWs) certain rights.

• Under the Geneva Convention punishment is prohibited for refusing to answer questions.

• The purpose of the Law of Armed Conflict is to govern the conduct of military personnel engaged in fighting.

• As a member of a military force, you are authorized during periods of hostilities to attack and even kill the lawful combatants of your enemy.

• Review Chapter 22 BMR

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