MR for PO 3&2This chapter covers military organization and some typical duties of a petty officer.
-United States Military Organization-
• President (Commander in Chief) Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution provides this executive power. The president may declare an emergency and call out the reserves.
• Secretary of Defense: The SECDEF is the principal defense policy advisor to the President.
• Joint Chiefs of Staff: Consists of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman, the Chief of Staff US Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff US Airforce, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. The Chairman is the principal military advisor to the President. The Chairman holds the rank of general or admiral and outranks all other officers of the armed forces
. • Department of the Airforce was established on Sept 18, 1947. They are responsible for defending the United States through control and exploitation of air and space.
• Department of the Army was established by the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775. The Army focuses on land operations.
• The United States Marine Corps was established on Nov 10, 1775. The Marines are able to fight on land, air or sea.
• Pages 5-6 through 5-10 (MR 3&2) cover other Department of Defense agencies. I recommend reviewing these pages.
• Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is under the direction of the SECNAV. The CNO takes precedence over all other officers.
• Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (MCPON) serves as the senior enlisted representative of the Navy. Started in 1966 by the CNO to help with retention. The office was formally set up on March 1 1967 with a tour length of four years. The MCPON reports directly to the CNO regarding matters on active duty and retired enlisted members and their dependants.
• Naval Reserve Force- numbering over 728,000 men and women. Consists of Ready Reserve, (SELRES) the Standby Reserve, and the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). The SELRES is the Navy's primary source of immediate mobilization manpower.
• Chief of Naval Personnel (CHNAVPERS) Plans and directs the procurement, distribution, and career motivation of both the regular and reserve Navy.
• Review pages 5-16, 5-17 and 5-18 for other DoN organizations.
• Review Chapter 5 MR for 3&2.
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