MR for PO1
Chapter 1
-U.S. Naval Tradition

Chapter 1 covers the striking forces of the US Navy, “Triad”, weapon systems, and readiness training.

• The elements of sea power enable a sea dependent nation to protect and maintain its political, economic, and military strengths seaward and beyond.

• National Military Strategy rests on three basic pillars:
- deterrence
- forward defense
- alliance solidarity

• The TRIAD is a US strategic nuclear force that consists of:
- Ballistic Missiles
- Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs)
- Long-range bomber
• The long-range bombers are the most flexible element of the TRIAD.

• Trident submarines carry 24 ballistic missiles (SLBMs)

• The TRIAD has been developed and maintained to deter nuclear attack.

• The Navy has four American fleets.
Second-Atlantic fleet
Third- West Coast
Sixth- Mediterranean
Seventh- Western Pacific and Indian Ocean regions

• The primary mission of submarines is to seek and destroy enemy submarines.

• The George Washington SSBN-598, launched in June 1959 was the first fleet ballistic missile submarine.

• The George Washington SSBN 598 had 16 launching tubes equipped with Polaris A-1, 1200-natutical-mile-range missiles

• The following are Fundamental Warfare Tasks
1. Antiair Warfare (AAW) is the destruction of enemy aircraft and airborne weapons.
2. Antisubmarine Warfare (ASW) is the destruction or neutralization of enemy submarines.
3. Antisurface Ship Warfare (ASUW) is the destruction or neutralization of enemy surface ships
4. Strike Warfare is the use of nuclear weapons to destroy or neutralize enemy targets.
5. Amphibious Warfare consists of attacks launched from sea by naval forces and by land forces embarked on ships or crafts.
6. Mine Warfare is the use of mines and counter measures to control sea or harbor areas.

• The Harpoon antiship cruise missile is a medium-range, rocket boosted, turbo-sustained cruise missile.

• The Phalanx Close-in weapons system is the first all-weather, automatic controlled gun system. The gun fires 20mm high density penetrating projectiles at 3,000 rounds per minute.

• Phoenix air-to-air missile can destroy hostile targets with conventional warheads in all weather. The system can simultaneously track 24 hostile air targets and launch six missiles against six different targets.

• Tomahawk Cruise missile is a long-range, subsonic cruise missile. The Tomahawk is a highly survivable weapon. Radar detection is difficult because the missile has a very small cross section and flies at a very low altitude.

• To meet the sea power challenge, the US Navy continually conducts readiness training. This readiness training includes refresher training, routine drills, exercises, and inspections.

• Refresher training is designed to turn a materially ready and manned ship into a ship that is fully capable of performing its assigned mission.

• The Navy operates two refresher training groups. One on each coast. The Atlantic Group is located at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The Pacific Group is located in San Diego, CA.

• Refresher training normally takes about 5 weeks to complete. The training consists of inspections, exercises, drills, and battle problems. Upon completion of refresher training, the ship is ready for deployment.

• To ensure ships and crews are prepared to meet operational commitments, higher authority holds several inspections.

• Operational Readiness Inspection (ORI): One of the most important inspections ships receive is the ORI. Unit commanders normally perform these inspections while the ship is underway with the crew at battle stations or with conditions watches set.

• Board of Inspection and Survey (INSURV) based on Navy Regulations the Board of Inspection and Survey examines each naval ship at least Once every 3 years if practical. The inspection determines the ship's material condition. Higher authority schedules these inspections without the knowledge of the commanding officer.

• Review Chapter 1 Mr for 1st class.

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