Chapter Eleven
-Small Arms-

Chapter Eleven covers rifles and pistols, also shooting Positions and firing techniques.

Small Arms means any firearm of .60 caliber, 15 mm, or smaller.

Every firearm used by navy personnel has at least one type of built in safety device.

Almost every accidental shooting is due to negligence or carelessness.

Use common sense when handling any type of firearms.

Use hearing protective devices when using firearms, such as circumaural type (Mickey Mouse ears).

Also you must wear eye protection as well. The Navy has several types os safety glasses and goggles that provide adequate protection.

M-14 Rifle fires either semiautomatic or automatic at the rate of 750 rounds per minute. It is chambered for the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge and it accommodates a 20 round magazine and M76 grenade launcher as well as the M-6 bayonet. The rifle weighs about 9lbs empty and about 11lbs fully loaded.

M16 A-1/A-2 Rifle Magazine fed, gas operated shoulder weapon. Chambered for 5-56. The magazine has a capacity of 20 or 30 rounds. Has a muzzle velocity of 3,000 feet per second.

The selection lever has 3 positions safe, semi, and auto. Note: Semi fires a 3 round short burst.

The most important factors for you to remember about a rifle are sight alignment and achieving a correct aiming point. Together the make up the sight picture.

Keeping your eye the same distance from the peep sight is called spot weld or anchor.

The .38 caliber revolver is a cylinder-loading, single or double action. The cylinder holds six rounds.

The .45 caliber service pistol is intended for close combat. The .45 caliber is a semiautomatic, recoil-operated, magazine-fed hand weapon. The clip holds 7 rounds. It has a maximum effective range of 50 yards.

Note the .38 and .45 caliber hand guns have been replaced with the M-9. I would study the M-9, because the M-9 started to be phased in back in 1985. M-9 has single or double action. It is a semiautomatic hand weapon. The 9mm magazine can hold 15 rounds.

The 9mm is equipped with three types of safety features. The ambidextrous slide safety, the firing pin block, and the half cock notch.

Shoot Positions A standard qualification course uses three standard positions: standing, kneeling, and sitting.

Trigger Control : use the acronym BRASS
B-Breath: do not hold breath for more than 10 seconds
R-Relax: stay relaxed
A-Aim: proper sight alignment
S-Slack: some triggers have slack
S-Squeeze: smoothly, gradually, and straight to rear.

Most poor shooting is usually caused by jerking the trigger and flinching when firing. The single most important factor in marksmanship is trigger control.

The advantage of shot guns over pistols/revolvers is the sight alignment is not so critical.

Shotguns are being used by the Navy in security guard work. They are the weapons of choice for short-range work.

Review BMR Chapter 11

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